Extension programs consist of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 4-H Youth Development, and Family and Consumer Sciences. Historically, Gila County provided extension services until 1993, when the first extension agent, Linda Kelly, was employed through the Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program (FRTEP, formerly EIRP) to serve the reservation. Succeeding agents included Prunell Charley and Victoria Wesley, and currently Dr. Sabrina Tuttle is the Cooperative Extension agent.
San Carlos Apache tribal members have a long tradition of gardening, planting crops such as squash and corn. The 4-H Youth Development program has worked with gardening since 2005, when a 4-H club led by Paul Buck planted a small garden of radish, pepper, and lettuce behind the extension office. Gardening projects continued in 2008 and 2009, with the San Carlos High and Elementary intern program, in which San Carlos high school students taught gardening and nutrition to first and fourth graders at San Carlos Primary and Intermediate Schools.